The foundations for the explosive rise of the Black liberation struggle in the U.S. beginning in the mid-1950s were laid by the massive migration of Blacks from the rural South to cities and factories across the continent, drawn by capital’s insatiable need for labor power—and cannon fodder for its wars. Malcolm X emerged from this rising struggle as its outstanding single leader. He insisted that colossal movement was part of a worldwide revolutionary battle for human rights. A clash “between those who want freedom, justice, and equality and those who want to continue the systems of exploitation.”
Drawing lessons from a century and a half of struggle, this book helps us understand why it is the revolutionary conquest of power by the working class that will make possible the final battle for Black freedom—and open the way to a world based not on exploitation, violence, and racism, but human solidarity. A socialist world.
Y, sin embargo, amor, a través de las lágrimas,
yo sabía que al fin iba a quedarme
desnudo en la ribera de la risa.
siempre recordaré tu desnudez entre mis manos,
tu olor a disfrutada madera de sándalo
clavada junto al sol de la mañana;
tu risa de muchacha,
o de arroyo,
o de pájaro;
tus manos largas y amantes
como un lirio traidor a tus antiguos colores;
lo de abarcable en ti que entre mis pasos
pensaba sostener con las palabras.
Pero ya no habrá tiempo de llorar.
la hora de la ceniza para mi corazón:
Hace frío sin ti,
pero se vive
— Roque Daltón - “Y, sin embargo, amor, a través de las lágrimas…” (via paulinmendiak)
Nueva convocatoria cursos PLED 2014 1. Dinero y Teoría Política. Un recorrido histórico. Profesor a cargo: Dr. Hernán Borisonik. ver
1. Dinero y Teoría Política. Un recorrido histórico. Profesor a cargo: Dr. Hernán Borisonik. ver programa
2. Economía Política Marxista. A crítica da economia política: uma introdução ao pensamento de Karl Marx. (dictado en castellano y portugués) Profesor a cargo: María Malta y Rodrigo Castelo. (LEMA, Laboratorio de Estudios Marxistas de la Universidad Federal de Río de Janeiro). ver programa
3. Esfera pública, medios masivos de comunicación y conflictividades sociales en América Latina. Profesor a cargo: Rodolfo Gómez (UBA). ver programa
4. La teoría crítica marxista hoy. Profesor a cargo: Néstor Kohan (UBA). ver programa
5. Luchas y revoluciones por la segunda independencia de Nuestra América. Profesor a cargo: Dr. Sergio Guerra Vilaboy, Horacio López y Alejandro Pisnoy. ver programa
6. Movimientos y luchas sociales en los procesos políticos progresistas y de izquierda en América Latina. Profesora a cargo: Dra. Paula Klachko (UBA). ver programa
7. Pensamiento crítico latinoamericano: raíces históricas y vigencia actual.Profesor a cargo: Roberto Fernández Retamar ver programa
8. Problemas de Teoría Política Marxista en América Latina Profesor a cargo: Dr. Martín Cortés (UBA). ver programa
9. Historia del Pensamiento Latinoamericano Profesores a cargo: Juan Francisco Martínez Peria (UBA-Centro Cultural de la Cooperación). ver programa
10. La estrategia norteamericana en el cono sur: desafíos de una doctrina suramericana de Defensa frente a un nuevo escenario político-regional Profesora a cargo: Dra. Sonia Winer (UBA-CONICET). ver programa
- Fin del período de inscripción a los cursos: 25 de septiembre de 2014
Teoría marxista de la cultura, la ideología y la hegemonía. Comunicación y lucha de clases. De los Simpson y Hollywood a Marx y Lenin, Antonio Gramsci y la Escuela de Frankfurt, Fredric Jameson, Raymond Williams, Terry Eagleton y Pierre Bourdieu. De la Doctrina de la Seguridad Nacional (de Estados Unidos) a Rodolfo Walsh, Haroldo Conti y Raymundo Gleyzer.
José Guadalupe Rodriguez Favela. por Diego Rivera.
La breve revolución comunista que se desarrollo en el estado de Durango en México a finales de los años 20´s, desarrollada en su mayor parte por campesinos de aquellas tierras terminó de una manera abrupta ya que el gobierno de Portes Gil desarmo a estos campesinos y asesinó a su lider, el profesor José Guadalupe Rodriguez Favela. Si quieren saber mas del tema les dejo un libro que fue el que me hizo eterarme de este pedazo de la historia de México y de la cual no se habla en los libros de historia. www.bibliotecas.tv/avitia/Los_alacranes_comunistas.pdf
It’s more than five years since economists declared the 2008-2009 recession to be over, but for working people there has been little recovery. Long-term joblessness remains high, despite official government figures showing it has been gradually declining. The bosses have pressed to drive down wages, benefits, and to attack safety on the job to reap profits off our backs, amidst a worldwide capitalist crisis of declining production, trade and employment.
In hopes of spurring economic growth, the Federal Reserve by the end of 2008 slashed interest rates to zero to make it cheaper for companies to borrow funds to boost production and hire workers. But under conditions of an economic slowdown it has not been profitable for the great majority of bosses to invest in production. Instead, they’ve accumulated hoards of cash reserves or sought higher returns through investing in stocks or other forms of speculative bets on values of commercial paper. Stock prices, for example, have reached new heights, but they’re “near record levels of overvaluation,” Richard Russell wrote in Dow Theory Letters July 7.
The government has also tried unsuccessfully to stimulate the economy through “quantitative easing,” where the Fed began buying billions of dollars of mortgage-backed securities from banks and $85 billion of government bonds monthly. This giant money-printing operation has in real terms lowered federal interests rates to near negative 3 percent, Matthew Kerkhoff wrote in the July 9 issue of the Letters, having the biggest impact on workers with the lowest wages and through inflation whittling away at any savings accounts they’ve been able to accumulate.
“Negative real rates amounts to the Fed imposing a regressive tax on the poor although it lacks the authority to collect taxes,” writes financial analyst Charles Gave July 8. This is compounded by rising prices of rent, food and energy on which increasing amounts of workers’ wages are spent. Gave created what he calls a “Walmart CPI,” which measures the increase in these three categories, which official Consumer Price Index figures ignore. Since 2000 there has been more than a 15 percent increase in the Walmart CPI compared to standard U.S. CPI, he notes.
Facing massive government and corporate debt balloons, the Fed through its quantitative easing scheme has transferred to its coffers $3 trillion of these “assets” over the past five years. The capitalist rulers hope that given enough time, they can deleverage and eliminate this debt, eventually laying the basis for a new period of growth. But their hopes rest on the assumption that the working class will not resist stepped-up attacks by the bosses and their government.
Since the beginning of the year the Federal Reserve has gradually been reducing its monthly government bond purchases and announced July 9 that it will halt the quantitative easing program in October. But it has no plans to raise the interest rates, Federal Reserve Chairwoman Janet Yellen said in her semiannual report to Congress July 15.
While official unemployment has steadily declined over the past several years from 10 percent to 6.1 percent last month, these figures are the result of government statisticians continually shrinking the pool of people considered “part of the workforce.” Over the past six and a half years more than 13 million workers have been eliminated from the workforce count.
The percentage of the population with a job dropped from 63.3 percent in January 2007 to below 59 percent by September 2009, and it has hovered around this figure for the past five years. In June it was 59 percent.
The government reported that 288,000 jobs were created last month, but 275,000 of them were part time, raising to 7.5 million those wanting full-time jobs who are forced to accept reduced hours.
Some spokespersons for the U.S. rulers admit that this lack of recovery in jobs following the 2008-2009 recession is unlike any that occurred after previous recessions. Former U.S. Treasury Secretary Lawrence Summers in a speech last November referred to this economic crisis as “secular stagnation,” noting that it will last over a long drawn-out period. Some describe this as “the new normal.” One aspect of this is the drive by the bosses to increase production with fewer workers through imposing faster line speeds and cutting corners, sharply eroding safety on the job. It took nearly six years before industrial production reached pre-recession levels last October — since then it has risen by a total of 4 percent through June — with 1.6 million fewer manufacturing jobs since the recession.
While these figures underline the success the bosses have had in driving down the living standards of working people, they also point to the ability of employers to do some hiring and openings for workers to press for higher wages.
The bosses seek to promote divisions among workers born in the U.S. and immigrant workers in order to lower wage levels for all workers. A recent survey by the Center for Immigration Studies reports that from 2000 to the first quarter of 2014 employment of immigrants accounted for the net growth in U.S. jobs. The number of U.S.-born workers with jobs remained virtually unchanged over these years — 114.8 million in 2000 and 114.7 million in 2014 — while the working-age population in this period grew by 17 million.
The employment rate of working-age immigrants has increased since 2000, rising by 43 percent since 2010, the report said. But most of these jobs are at lowest pay. Over the past year such jobs in food services, retail and temporary help accounted for more than 40 percent of new jobs.
America’s Lost City —- Cahokia and the Mound Builders
Long before Europeans first explored and settled the new world, what is now the United States was a host to a wide variety of rich, sophisticated, and vibrant cultures. One of the most interesting were the Mississippian Mound builders, a culture that stretched from Illinois and Indiana, throughout the Mississippi River region, and as far south as the Gulf Coast. Unlike most native cultures of the US and Canada, the Mississippians were unique in that they developed a society governed by centralized authority (a king or chief), built large cities and population centers, and conducted large scale engineering and agriculture. The center of Mississippian culture revolves around mound building. Usually the center of a Mississippian town or city was a large earthwork pyramid or platform which served as a religious and governmental center.
Of all Mississippian population centers, the largest was a city called Cahokia, located in southern Illinois across the Mississippi River from St. Louis, MI. Settled around 600 AD, the city covered 6 square miles and featured 120 mounds of various sizes and shapes. The largest is “Monks Mound”, a large terraced earthwork 100 feet high and with a base similar in size to the Great Pyramid of Giza (13.1 acres).
At its height around 1200 AD, Cahokia is estimated to have had a population of around 40,000 making it one of the largest cities in the world. At that time Cahokia was comparable in population to London (40,000) and Venice (45,000), while Rome (20,000) was significantly smaller.
Like Ancient Rome, Cahokia is special in that all roads, or perhaps I should say rivers, led to it. From 900 to 1200 AD Cahokia served as a primary trading center in what is now the United States. As a result Cahokian trade goods can be found all over the Central United States. Some of the most popular goods traded were metal goods, as Cahokia was one of the few cultures north of Meso-America to practice the art and science of metal working. Most Cahokian metal work consists of copper items, many of which show incredible artistry and craftsmanship.
The decline of Cahokia began around 1,300. Historians cite a number of reasons for the decline, including climate change, the use of unsustainable agricultural methods, poor waste disposal systems, political instability, famine, disease, and warfare. As Cahokia declined so too did the culture of the Mississippian mound builders. By the time Columbus “discovered” America, the city was abandoned. The Mississippian culture itself broke down, its people forming the many tribes that inhabit the south such as the Alabama, Apalachee, Caddo, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee, Creek, Guale, Hitchiti, Houma, Kansa, Missouria, Mobilian, Natchez, Osage, Quapaw, Seminole, Tunica-Biloxi,Yamasee, and Yuchi.
Today Cahokia is a National Historic Landmark, Illinois State Historic Site, and one of 21 UN World Heritage Sites in the United States.
40,000 is a high estimate but basically this is all right and supremely overlooked.
Contemporary cultural appropriation (and hipsterdom more generally) is the natural result of a generation of Westerners, raised with no culture other than capitalist consumerism, “appreciating” the “authenticity” of other peoples the only way they’ve been taught how: usurping what they like,…